The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), American Animal Hospital Association and World Small Animal Veterinary Medical Association are among the groups that endorse the use of electronic microchip identification in animals.
Mainland jurisdictions that have switched to microchipping have seen return to owner rates rise:
- Dallas’s return to owner rate increased by 300% in three years after the switch.
- San Antonio’s return to owner rate increased 240% in 2 ½ years after the switch.
Stray hold times
The Association of Shelter Veterinarians, authors of the guidelines for best practices in animal sheltering, supports reducing minimum hold times based on two decades of research.
- Stressors for shelter animals: (Griffin 2006; Stephen 2005).
- Risks associated with length of stay: (Dinnage, 2009; Edinboro 2004; Patronek 2001).
In response to this research, the national norm for stray holding has fallen to 3-5 days, according to the University of Michigan’s Animal Legal and Historical Center.
Stray hold fees
Neighbor island fees:
- $10 a day for the first two days and $15 a day thereafter on Hawaii Island, plus a $20 penalty for repeat stray dogs.
- $12 per day on Kauai, plus a penalty of $20 to $65 for dogs depending on how many times the animal has been stray.
- $20 per day on Maui plus impound fees for dogs of $25 to $100 depending on how many times the animal has been stray.
Penalties for owners of dogs who are frequently stray
County laws mandating spay/neuter for stray dogs are common around the country and start as early as the first time a dog is stray. Some allow owners to pay a fine instead, but only for the first offence:
- Charleston, SC, requires the spay/neuter of impounded fertile animals unless it is the first time the animal has been impounded and the owner of the animal pays a redemption fee of $500. There are no exemptions for intact animals impounded a subsequent time.
Additional penalties for routine strays also are common, including in all three neighbor island counties.